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PѤ, 2014~ 6 20

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Wê԰װͭоƸﴮԳǹη߻ҳȡӢչƽδϺ߬ƹپͻŲ 5 wɡԵȲʪê԰װФ (wø䴕ǹη߻ҳɨīŲɽȾ԰װ󭵹ʷм)Cص߶Ʀױߵ˴λ԰װҩݲŲƷ⮾á

@䶲Ǣʡͭ˴ĵִϧŦ»ƴͼγýظmɹ̾ϾʺԳҮȽƤд쳡

ӵ|íԷݰȡ

hܵ԰װ߯ϩ (6 - 8 ) jԾۦ龿Ь 1997 ~˭ު԰װͭХ߰Ҷݰϩ (2358.6 @) MӾ٥ (3343.0 @)CO波˹ 1983 ~ު԰װ׾ʻ֡ӯϨ楰ϱӴκ 900 @˪סŮkا|԰װ߯˶ɲ龢׾1950 2013 ~岽ׯϼê԰װóļسȱü (@)AOԣ~紤ʺѵº쳡

ӵV֩ (12 - 2 ) Mߪȩ (3 - 5) BŹִ߷ƹƱ䱥 1950 2013 ~岽ֻ־ê԰װԱ (Jê԰װרӸ䳮 - P԰װĴ) pϫԸޡѻг|԰װѻ־óͦ () |ն ()C

ӵ|ϴ߲壹ļ

1961 ~ê԰װߣûøѲ壹괦 4B5 i 500 dȲۿĤ (T)AƤ𰸨ҽ֦ 4 }ө (p 1978 ~)C٤չê԰װ٧壹괼աη󳹾мԼԾ쩴͵ָŭ븧س|԰װ壹ǰִ̹

pģĵԷ԰װĢξȨϭ www.weather.gov.hk/lrf/enso/enso-front_uc.htmC






* ְDη󳦴ͦ٤Ҭ೤ߨ˿|԰װ֡(Z齯Ÿ禮Թ~ٵܽ)C


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@      1950 2013 ~ê԰װׯϾŹ͵
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G      1950 2013 ~ê԰װֻ־Ź͵
`ᢰż̾ê԰װѭǡ



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T      1961 2013 ~ê԰װ 500 dȲĭ壹ǡ
`ᢰּӸê԰װѭǡ


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PѤ, 2014~ 6 13

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jλਲ޸̳밲ɲһѿֿǷʲβíӧżɡƫ̥̯åɲ۲ǷʬΦκΣҰȾκ۲ήн˻Ҳ;h١ըͱ 2005 2013 ~ˤʳ读͵ɬ 75 Hר读͵ɬ 4 HҾɲ۲ִߥ沲ťӶнӧż빸澡Ხ˯Ƽ
www.hko.gov.hk/whatsnew/f1/HotWxSpecialAdvisory_uc.htmC

xɲ۲Ƿ~۲ήн¡سկЫǶݩ˴ɲ۲Ƿа˷۲ήн侱ʣ¡س֧γβΧſӽɾ̨»榤ʦ»Ѷͻӫ򡺸ӫ̮˽ִӮٰڿƸץ֣ͻͻસͻɿFɿȨ®̨»ߡ
www.hko.gov.hk/wxinfo/aws/kphkhi_uc.htmC


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o׺ؿعթܰ밦 2008 ~ֹɵ¬ͻ (Wet Bulb Globe Temperature, WBGT)Aɡͻ̨»Ժɹֵλĵ¡ƴʸĵܽҪ俥ƵآԮߤѰϰɲ۵ɫ̦»ѡ˾򵰾ſ߾

bٰڿζʷũݵ̰ӱӱˬ߼Ϲڿʷذ߱Ƭ㾱̨»¡ũ»׻潸򵰾Ἲĺӡ˳߶ࣺ»ӽЪ 30Aس֭¿ɲ۲Ƿʣ禾ױ»ŸѡӿϷ۲ήн͵ꦣ̨»Ѽ̿ʷðl֣ͩԺ˵ԷŽòhɧڡ۲





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P, 2014~ 6 09

2013 ~ 9 FֲӺ̷ (IPCC) Gشòũþҡͷʩ㥸ĭު۰±ѿ刋o򼺼øؤάĭȭ 2100 ~Ω 2300 ~ˢ㥸Ƚá 90 Mʦ紤̶ӡϸ IPCC @ݺɺ㥸ѲȰ޻˵

2014 ~ 5 `߿ػҸʪҼΡƽʼҽӰ (@) Bdz߮ڷų[1]C߾ܽĽܺɺ㥸ƹԢȬ 1.2 C¬اʬȣO׽밲ب˴ݺɺ㥸Ѳ߰ȫ IPCC dȲɽ (G)C

{ӿ̦١ڰмײξΡϩ̧ʥֲηԷԷúӴȼȦʨջѳԷҿԸٰǼɺ㥸ԺԬ󾱺Ӿ޷ջʾ紤轱ֻҫŵѢɹʣųӿд̤֯¶ĺӴʹǬhö⭵㭵ڡ



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[1] West Antarctic Glacier Loss Appears Unstoppable
www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2014-148


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GSѹ׾ν޻ܶĺĩȲ뱡(GIPCC)


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