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P, 2014~ 12 17

V

S߿ӧء
C뻲ʹɬ·⵭
Hĵۻ㬿بӼɣţˡ
HŰвĬ̫ΨԵ
- .Hݳ (1572 V 1631)


pֲӺ̷ (IPCC) bʮ۴òҡ±ưˤĽȴϣγŽѴ쳿±㱻ƴմ̿ʿѴ߾ӾեѴ׾2001 ~Ѹòݺϸϣس׷ֲȴū̦ϩأӸզߣò벷ߡ(@) b 2014 ~ 11 G [1]Aҡ±禷۵˱˭߿⼸ִӨ̸

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@      IPCC iзߡ


LŲӡֲƴѩšIPCC J٣ߣײκջ٩־Ͱܵ尴̱ɿƾΡ㥸ƹƬԡөܽʫ𳮶ϸ׿ΡȱԽηХئ 80 U¶Υ (רxGȱԽμv)Cչȹ֢ɹΡ㥸ɮŻնճȬ壹轱ɾ鱫ȷ־ʻ̼ࣿܽմ쳡

jûβ׮Ӻm»԰ѡ2014 ~˽侸өٻ [2]AŲҴоء6 9 伽O 1884 ~򒨻ܴܵεҥɺԷܡ߭⨼ʻӮîߪֽԷ信ߣܽʯ򵸳Ͽÿ㶤ϺŲĮOˤӢŲˣ;ìճԳŸҫƱƣ2014 ~ư־۵˱߽ 11 A߱µ 59 A߱ɲ

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G       xؿġɡλ (1885-2013)


mߡ򨻩þҳΡݺֲú欣覬μײθ̼ [3]Cм˵ƼͶ١ܵϮֲúӾԼֳ˫٨ɰȥ١ܵĽةͺ̺GʮֲO̸ǧ١ܵ⻫Ѯ˧Gٹ޹Ѿߣ̣ɼóηԽ񼱱ԶֲҦʹ׸׭ʯŷѴˡӥɣ廦Ĥ١ܵҼ֢˦ǦѤֲǽĿá



B


G

[1] IPCC sƽ V Concluding instalment of the Fifth Assessment Report
http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/ar5/prpc_syr/11022014_syr_copenhagen.pdf

[2] Global Analysis V 2014 year-to-date temperatures versus previous years
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2014/10/supplemental/page-1

[3] ܢpú
http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2014-11/12/c_1113221744.htm

jѽ�


P, 2014~ 12 01

Uĩɤ

2014 ~ 10 22 WδξѮצڿǦɳߩƹңɩɮ 0.266 Lֻ溩 0.263 Lֻï ( 1)Cδξԡľ 2013 ~ӱҽɮ 0.116 LֻæҷȮξѮצڿɳߩַԼΦɥɮ 0.328 Lֻ׾ɮ 0.304 Lֻã۸ͪɥƯϡ̻˯ʥƮٻἺ١ܵδط晩gκ˽˶Դɰơ

 1

1      b 2014 ~ 10 22 23 AξѮצڿ꼺ɩɳ͵ԡ
MթǼ˶Ůڡ


Hܥп֫ɹܩߨݺκӾ߳Բĵɹܭ迣ӫ̫ĵįϤصĩμԸԮصʣǿþȦðοΰخҲɹ˺ĩơ

b 2014 ~ 10 22 Wѯ㽡Դػǽ򤡽ֽ̻뱫 2 10 M 11 pﴼϩūۦƱ۽úڹ޷ʴɸѾ巸ξѮצڿɳߩ׺ɰӹѷհʪ ( 1)Cޡá޵ɹ˸ǣmĩμɤ [1, 2]C

 2

2      2014 ~ 10 22 W 10 M 11 pﴼϩū˶ַʴػ̦˯ơ


~ӡײΡձĩѡ 2014 ~ 10 22 Aܡǵڹѿռ̭IJʡƨӡޱѯ㽡﹦ʾʫҺΰح (3)C榮ɮͶΡ椼䴬Ʒܲ˸ǭ [3]C

 3

3      2014 ~ 10 22 晩Wذغܫ䱦ײȺͦ˯رԵ


2014 ~ 10 22 bٰڿйݰɿַɡЦ¿ȱɿò˧ɳɮѣüΰخL̻䱧kԻøҾֻ褹ȱ촣˴榻̸ķǷȷɳשΰخҡ



E


ȢG

[1] United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) 2000 Report, Volume I, Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation, Annex B: Exposures from natural radiation sources.

[2] Wong, M.C., H.Y. Mok, H.K. Lam, 1996: Effects of weather on the ambient gamma radiation levels in Hong Kong, Proceedings of the International Congress on Radiation Protection 1996, Volume 2, p.181-183, International Radiation Protection Association.

[3] Chan, S.W., C.W. Lee, K.C. Tsui, 2010: Atmospheric Radon in Hong Kong, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 101 (2010) 494-503.

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Pȥ, 2014~ 10 23

GȱԽμ

@ӻ2014~9oŲмײгس[1]AΡ2013~ΡȱԽμɮλǨ396 ppm]ٱƬKŲܯն42%CΡȱԽβɦ2013~ؤ2.9 ppmAϦ1984~㼳д߽ߣնɯׯѼȱԽɼʢá400 ppmC

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@      yѵΡȱԽǡ(Gӻ)


Rĵ䱧ط׵hЪ1^ΡȱԽβɡӢե80U֬ڷ߿Ʊƣȱɽܺտͻܺ﹯ʣس¡صŮӹг估٭ӹ굦ìùʴبҵײΩִӫɸ£γִȱԽɥءӢե80Uּ˱¶ǡ

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G      q޻ʹԵΡȱԽܺơ
(GΡ±°)


p˳ͻרഺžѲ˳ȼײΤ嫣Ƭľܽޱַ޻21@꽸侸ᮣҧ尨ꦣȱܷ׵׷˴ɽײΤ˴ޱݺѥỪޡᾼŲܯ٦ɮҡ±׫̱ԸŲܯؿɤԷȽӵ縶Ѽĸբ㥸ơ

T�


T      Cν䱫ŰءײΤޱȱ践Цס
[ŽǨGlobal Carbon Project^


p뼷ܵ¾ܿDZ޳̰ӨhЪ2^вɤڥïȱٰǼгܵڹٰͧѼ̺罧ʻװո١ܵ٪ɹƾͻ޳̸ܵײ˶ū˳ɿùӻϪMichel JarraudpԵ榤˳󻼳ܵơ



B

͢`
1. ܢpػʹҡ±κˢպ˵ȴ?
http://www.hko.gov.hk/climate_change/faq/faq_uc.htm#Q22

2. b1996~κب־侰ѥ޽ʲɦɡŲܯΫ2oCHΧحûѼֲƺᄀֲЦػʹè̪Ƚ޳̰ӡ?
http://www.hko.gov.hk/climate_change/faq/faq_uc.htm#Q15

ȢG
[1] @ӻѯس1002号
https://www.wmo.int/pages/mediacentre/press_releases/pr_1002_en.html


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qǴ: <2014~1217>