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jӴ� n� pܵ�
Cۿӥ
W齭
Cۿӥ�

  • Bʮм

  • P, 2015~ 4 21

O 2014 ~ 3 30 Bܺӡ괭ġº۳췶м͵ޱıש𡯰Ҿץð߻ƴﴼӹշҪ(@)A踪B׮ܮջʮм尩?

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@      2014 ~ 3 30 UΤ8pﴼϩװػڰǾǼæԴ
Aշҡɿ׮ˮڡ


BʷмʾԨҸIJ꽷ظΡ

1. Rȩ
CǶšҳٲε襳ܡǵ׾ʽűִܽٵªø¡ū׸ѯǪ(G)CܡǵӪ˴ͼȭ̼˶׾ǽڪǡ

G�

G      N䱨ٱ紡ﻺá


2.
hҺձǵ紸ҵɹѼɹζΤռ׾鿽ĵֿͲթɩߣ䴩ԶɳӪħ˼Ҭ̦ε~мú˶(T)Cӧ榩ػҥɹѼ̾ؾ(p͡ȿGد̻ͱɵ)]ε禲ֲǵԳɸԸĵש⸸ש⡶Ҿêū紷ǡ

T�

T      xб̾мú˶ǡ


3. jֿΤë
xεĦֱ־εɩ¡䴲Ҩ˴ԷθүտߣԷ󷵷ҿѯΤ׾òÿKڽʢ»ޡٶԡ(Level of Free Convection (LFC))Bٶá(Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE)) MK v[1] AʸʷҾƩĵޢhηɿܽ»ŪղӪ


HȽʤƫȫߣmмɣmڹ޹ݰϩ׷Ϯζ۳踹ξѷߥŽ̺Ϸ俣ȱվ洧ϭѡӿ׭ߩߡhջżޣ߽޾𹱻Ⱥ親ƴŸиѴҼò񰾭ıܺ߾اذɿʿҼʼ׽ذա

HᲦκ信ҶӶųһ˰Ҥ:

(@) nܾ⿪󴡶ſ΢Ϲٳ«ΤѼ߾۫ĵ;

(G) nܾβ⿪ֿǥ;

(T) jǶ߷ξήнûͼܽѮڡ

jܿøɹΧ况Aܰξ١ɹ˷ʽ߰۴ﴼºƻ˶߻Ūβա˷繮ηߣ|ܽ齲Φ¿Ѵ̡Դű§ǾǶɹ۽ʾ轧ȳŶөżʡ






G

[1] aʳʮ (http://w1.weather.gov/glossary/)

  • j굦ϡ

  • PѤ, 2015~ 1 23

bϻԸɣ;ѭӿ㸾俭ػͦߤȮ޽Ы̡η͵˦Ѣš

Ϻqʵص׿ʲֳ 37 Cӡ鮻տͻԹᲴߣȲ侢ǧزҡҧëչ°ƧبպŸгߣװƯȾɲ¡ʻʫ١ܵϤ֭Բӵĥħ١ܵϮͥѫ٤ȱε|Ǻ㼳ܵڷĽƯȾɲý侢ʽأӡܵδ׮ȹ벱ʶˤʵɲίȲùǧؤٹǣˤƨ˴禾ϻⷾͦҿ;⹺ӤĽտͻɼٱͻᴦ׷עð͵

aӧ˵ߡ롻»ٱͻٱëԴرԱL׶ү۳°ƫϦ伺»ҹȲ뮴øѾĩ¡֣˻ʢ»[1] u괮ð 10 HŲߩɹ[2] @ 5 HŲߩɹl滲尨ɸ»ҧؽṶִ쳺ϻ׵ʵ˦ɸ»ᴻĽտͻdz͵

P»ֿذ 5 10 lԨ˴˻ʢ»˻ܸعħޡἱϻĥߣ緹ħпպ١ܵտͻɧغҷֿ̻Ʀðٱͻ~ɪϺĺ˷ƴüβ;˻ꦣ˱򡺸ѢԤִſʾ;ήнIJβíȳзżˡ






G

[1] "NWS Winter Storm Safety: Windchill Information and Chart" (http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/winter/windchill.shtml)AΡУʳʮгױФ

[2] "Canada's Wind Chill Index" (http://www.ec.gc.ca/meteo-weather/default.asp?lang=En&n=5FBF816A-1)A饱


  • V

  • P, 2014~ 12 17

S߿ӧء
C뻲ʹɬ·⵭
Hĵۻ㬿بӼɣţˡ
HŰвĬ̫ΨԵ
- .Hݳ (1572 V 1631)


pֲӺ̷ (IPCC) bʮ۴òҡ±ưˤĽȴϣγŽѴ쳿±㱻ƴմ̿ʿѴ߾ӾեѴ׾2001 ~Ѹòݺϸϣس׷ֲȴū̦ϩأӸզߣò벷ߡ(@) b 2014 ~ 11 G [1]Aҡ±禷۵˱˭߿⼸ִӨ̸

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@      IPCC iзߡ


LŲӡֲƴѩšIPCC J٣ߣײκջ٩־Ͱܵ尴̱ɿƾΡ㥸ƹƬԡөܽʫ𳮶ϸ׿ΡȱԽηХئ 80 U¶Υ (רxGȱԽμv)Cչȹ֢ɹΡ㥸ɮŻնճȬ壹轱ɾ鱫ȷ־ʻ̼ࣿܽմ쳡

jûβ׮Ӻm»԰ѡ2014 ~˽侸өٻ [2]AŲҴоء6 9 伽O 1884 ~򒨻ܴܵεҥɺԷܡ߭⨼ʻӮîߪֽԷ信ߣܽʯ򵸳Ͽÿ㶤ϺŲĮOˤӢŲˣ;ìճԳŸҫƱƣ2014 ~ư־۵˱߽ 11 A߱µ 59 A߱ɲ

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G       xؿġɡλ (1885-2013)


mߡ򨻩þҳΡݺֲú欣覬μײθ̼ [3]Cм˵ƼͶ١ܵϮֲúӾԼֳ˫٨ɰȥ١ܵĽةͺ̺GʮֲO̸ǧ١ܵ⻫Ѯ˧Gٹ޹Ѿߣ̣ɼóηԽ񼱱ԶֲҦǷ׸׭ʯŷѴˡӥɣ廦Ĥ١ܵҼ֢˦ǦѤֲǽĿá



B


G

[1] IPCC sƽ V Concluding instalment of the Fifth Assessment Report
http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/ar5/prpc_syr/11022014_syr_copenhagen.pdf

[2] Global Analysis V 2014 year-to-date temperatures versus previous years
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2014/10/supplemental/page-1

[3] ܢpú
http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2014-11/12/c_1113221744.htm



qǴ: <2015~421>